HIV Self-Testing Africa Project – Research

News articles

In addition to the articles below from, or relating to STAR consortium members, please follow our blog and subscribe to our STAR Research newsletters.

21st July 2017: WHO pre-qualifies first HIV self-test

WHO today prequalified the first HIV self-test, OraQuick ® HIV Self-Test (manufactured by OraSure Technologies Inc.), in a move to increase HIV diagnosis and treatment. This marks a significant step in allowing countries to implement WHO guidelines, released in 2016, recommending HIV self-testing as a complementary approach to reach those who remain undiagnosed due to fear of stigma and discrimination.


27th June 2017:  OraSure Technologies to Drive Accelerated Adoption of OraQuick® HIV Self-Test

OraSure Technologies, Inc., a leader in point-of-care diagnostic tests and specimen collection devices, today announced a new agreement with the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation that will enable OraSure to offer its OraQuick® HIV Self-Test at an affordable price in 50 developing countries with funding from the Gates Foundation. These countries include Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe, where the Company has been providing tests for the STAR” project.

“We are pleased to work with the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation on this important initiative designed to support the rapid scale-up and adoption of the OraQuick® HIV Self-Test in the fight against HIV/AIDS,” said Douglas A. Michels, President and CEO of OraSure Technologies.  “We are witnessing the benefits of HIV self testing through the use of our product by PSI under the STAR Project.  The support payments provided by the Gates Foundation will help us expand our relationship with PSI and substantially accelerate the adoption of the OraQuick® HIV Self-Test in many more developing countries.”


May 2017: “Should trained lay providers perform HIV testing? A systematic review to inform World Health Organization guidelines”

This article by CE Kennedy, PT Yeh, C Johnson and R Baggaley in HIV This Month 2017 #5 reviews studies evaluating HIV testing services by lay providers using rapid diagnostic tests. Based on evidence supporting using trained lay providers, a WHO expert panel recommended lay providers be allowed to conduct HIV testing services using HIV rapid diagnostic tests. Uptake of this recommendation could expand HIV testing to more people globally.


27th March to 1st April 2017: WHO HIV self-testing and partner notification roll-out, HIV self-testing – Going to Scale workshop, and STAR Consortium meeting, Nairobi

The week of 27th March will see these three major events taking place in Nairobi. In addition to the information available on this website at  the above link, see LSTM’s article on the ‘Going to Scale’ workshop and how the STAR project has informed this week’s roll-out of HIV self-testing guidelines by WHO.


6th March 2017: STAR’s Youth Champion of HIV Prevention

Mr Mwiza Sambo of the Malawi Liverpool-Wellcome Trust (MLW) has successfully applied for a $5,000 grant to become a Youth Champion for HIV prevention among key populations – young Female Sex Workers (FSW) in Malawi.

The aim of this project is to scale up innovative approaches to HIV prevention work for young FSW in urban Blantyre using behavioural, biomedical and structural approaches, which will be linked to HIVST being implemented under STAR in Southern Malawi.

The project has the following objectives:

  1. To conduct formative research to establish the current HIV prevention needs of young FSW in Malawi;
  2. To set up youth peer groups among young FSW;
  3. To monitor Impact of peer groups on HIVST and linkage to care;
  4. To set up a linkage to care system among young FSW;
  5. To monitor uptake of HIV testing through HIVST among young FSW.

The grant runs for nine months from February 2017. An update on Mwiza’s work will follow later this year.


2nd March 2017: UNITAID and the Global Fund expert panel approves the first HIV self-testing product

In a significant development to responding the the HIV testing gap, the first HIVST product was approved today by the UNITAID-funded Expediated Review Panel for Diagnostics, hosted by the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.


6th January 2017: HIV STAR Malawi Key Populations study – A Rapid Ethnographic Assessment among Female Sex Workers

Mr Mwiza Sambo from the Malawi-Liverpool Wellcome Trust explains the application of Rapid Ethnographic Assessments to ensure the design of an effective peer-led HIV self-testing delivery model among female sex workers in Malawi.


1st December 2016: One year of the STAR project

Have a look at our infographic to learn about some of the highlight achievements of the STAR project from its beginning up until World AIDS Day 2016. Also visit the PSI blog for a post and video on consumer empowerment through HIV self-testing.


29th November 2016: WHO issues new guidance on HIV self-testing ahead of World AIDS Day

In advance of World AIDS Day, WHO has released new guidelines on HIV self-testing to improve access to and uptake of HIV diagnosis. Also see this video, published by WHO, in which Cheryl Johnson, an HIV Testing Specialist, explains how the new WHO guidance will support countries to promote self-testing and increase access to HIV services worldwide.


24th November 2016: Engaging key beneficiaries in intervention development – STAR-Malawi’s participatory workshop with female sex workers

Dr Moses Kumwenda from the Malawi-Liverpool Wellcome Trust shares his experiences of working with female sex workers to develop a refined peer delivered HIV self-testing model.


14th November 2016: PSI launches report – ‘Expanding Access to HIV self-testing: A market development approach

See PSI’s analysis of the size of the HIV self-testing market in nine African countries: Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.


27th September 2016: Malawi villagers embrace HIV self-testing

See WHO’s story of a community-based distribution agent recruited by STAR in Malawi, where approximately one in ten people is living with HIV.


22nd July 2016: World’s largest study of HIV self-testing gets off the ground

The STAR project’s satellite session on “Moving self-testing from theory to a reality in Africa” at the International AIDS Conference in Durban was a great success, and the project has been featured in this AIDSMAP article.


19th July 2016: What got us here, won’t get us there

See the STAR project’s film, featuring Debra Messing and Robert Matiru, which was launched at the International AIDS Conference in Durban. Follow links from our STAR Blog page to read PSI’s blog series from the Malawi media visit with Debra.


27th June 2016: STAR-Malawi rolls out social harms reporting systems in readiness for HIVST

Read about how the STAR Malawi team is developing a community engagement system to capture social harms.


20th June 2016: Countries share experiences and lessons learned on implementing HIV self-testing and pre-exposure prophylaxis

This WHO article on HIVST lessons learned from Brazil, South Africa, Thailand and Zimbabwe includes reference to the STAR project by Dr Maponga of Zimbabwe’s Ministry of Health.


11th April 2016: Qualitative Research Network Introduction

In March the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM) hosted a three day workshop with partners to agree terms of reference for the STAR Qualitative Research Network (QRN), discuss roles and responsibilities, map research activities, review emerging themes and design the inter-country analysis. Learn more about the QRN’s work here.


30 November 2015: Launch of STAR Project

On the eve of World AIDS Day 2015, the UNITAID/PSI HIV Self-Testing Africa (STAR) Project was launched at the 18th International Conference on AIDS and STIs in Africa (ICASA), to generate crucial information on HIV self-testing.



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