HIV Self-Testing Africa Project – Research

Publications and abstracts


The following abstracts by STAR collaborators were accepted for the IAS conference in Paris, 23rd to 26th July:

Hatzold K et al. Closing the HIV testing gap: Facility-based integration of HIV self-testing, a way to improve testing coverage, yield and efficiency of client-initiated HIV testing services in Zimbabwe.

Mangenah C et al. Costs of non-financial incentives for uptake of couples HTC & incremental costs of SMS reminders for linkage to treatment, care & prevention services.

Johnson C et al. A clinical utility risk-benefit analysis for HIV self-testing.

Kapaku et al. Is OraQuick® HIV-Self-Testing valid among intended users? Analysis from a Clinical Performance Study in Lusaka, Zambia.

Indravudh P et al. Optimising uptake of HIV testing among young people: a mixed-methods study on HIV self-testing preferences in Zimbabwe and Malawi.

Kumwenda M et al. Peer-led delivery model for HIV self-testing in female sex workers: Designing the model based on research and participatory strategies in urban Blantyre, Malawi.

Indravudh P et al. Masculinity and uptake of HIV testing: validity of the Conformity to Masculine Norms Inventory-22 in Malawi and Zambia.

Neuman M et al. Prevalence of testing and preference for self-testing in Malawi and Zambia: baseline data from the STAR (HIV self-testing in Africa) project.

Sibanda E et al. Preferences for Models of HIV Self-Test Kit Distribution: Results from a Qualitative Study and Choice Experiment in a Rural Zimbabwean Community.

Mwenge L et al. HIV Testing and Counselling (HTC) costs in public sector settings in Southern Africa: Evidence from Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

Gotsche C et al. HIV self-testing in Zambia: User ability to follow the manufacturer’s instructions for use.

Tumushime M et al. Views on HIV self-test kit distribution strategies targeting female sex workers: Qualitative findings from Zimbabwe.

Watson V et al. Determination of OraQuick® HIV self-test result stability with delayed visual re-reading: An external quality assurance analysis.

Hermez J et al. Values and preferences of PLHIV and key populations in HIV self-testing (HIVST) and partner notification (PN) in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) (to inform WHO guidelines).

Anam F et al. Values and preferences of adolescent girls and young women in Kenya for three HIV prevention approaches: PrEP, HIV self-testing and HIV partner notification (to inform WHO guidelines).

Terris-Prestholt F et al. How quickly does external quality assurance to prevent early infant misdiagnosis of HIV save costs in four African countries? This has also been accepted for the Interest conference in Lilongwe, May 2017.

Sande L et al. A Gender Analysis of User Costs HIV Testing among Rural Communities in Malawi. This has also been accepted for the Interest conference, May 2017.

d’Elbée M et al. Informing targeted HIV self-testing service delivery in Malawi and Zambia – A multi-country discrete choice experiment. This has also been accepted for the International Health Economics Association (IHEA) conference in Boston, 8th to 11th July 2017.

Sande L et al. A Tobit Analysis of User Costs for HIV Testing among Rural Communities in Malawi. This has also been accepted for the Interest Conference, Lilongwe May 2017, and the International Health Economics Association (IHEA) conference in Boston, 8th to 11th July 2017.


In addition to the three noted above, the following abstracts by STAR collaborators were accepted for the Interest Conference in Lilongwe, 16th to 19th May 2017:

Mangenah C et al. The costs of community based HIV self-test (HIV-ST) kit distribution: Results from 3 district sites in Zimbabwe.

Kumwenda M et al. Peer-led delivery model for HIV self-testing in female sex workers: Designing the model based on research and participatory strategies in urban Blantyre, Malawi.


The following abstracts by STAR collaborators were accepted for the 2017 Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI) in Seattle:


The following abstracts by STAR collaborators were accepted for the 2016 International AIDS Conference in Durban:


Recent publications by STAR collaborators, related to HIV self-testing, include:

Indravudh PP, Sibande E, d’Elbee M, Kumwenda MK, Ringwald B, Maringwa G, Simwinga M, Nyirenda LJ, Johnson CC, Hatzold K, Terris-Prestholt F, Taegtmeyer M. “I will choose when to test, where I want to test”: Investigating young people’s preferences for HIV self-testing in Malawi and Zimbabwe. AIDS 2017. Vol 31, Issue p S203-S212.//

To err is human, to correct is public health: identifying poor quality testing and misdiagnosis of HIV status, by Cheryl Johnson and colleagues, has been accepted for publication in the Journal of the International AIDS Society.

A public health approach to addressing and preventing misdiagnosis in the scale-up of HIV rapid testing programmes, by Cheryl Johnson and colleagues, has been accepted for publication in the Journal of the International AIDS Society.

Rutstein SE, Ananworanich J, Fidler S, Johnson C, Sanders EJ, Sued O, Saez-Cirion A, Pilcher CD, Fraser C, Cohen MS, Vitoria M, Doherty M, Tucker JD. Clinical and public health implications of acute and early HIV detection and treatment: a scoping review. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2017. Vol 20, No 1.

Choko AT, Kumwenda MK, Johnson C, Sakala DW, Chilalipo MC, Fielding K, Chikovore J, Desmon N, Corbett EL. Acceptability of woman-delivered HIV self-testing to the male partner, and additional interventions: A qualitative study of antenatal care participants in Malawi. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2017, 20:21610.

Maheswaran H, Petrou S, MacPherson P, Kumwenda F, Lalloo DG, Corbett EL, Clarke A. Economic costs and health-related quality of life outcomes of HIV treatment following self- and facility-based HIV testing in a cluster randomised trial. Journal of Aquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. 2017. Mar 17.

Thiramurthy H, Masters SH, Mavedzenge SN, Maman S, Omanga E, Agot K. Women are successful in promoting HIV self-testing in Kenyan men. Lancet HIV. 2016 Jun: 3 (6)

Choko AT, Taegtmeyer M, MacPherson P, Cocker D, Khundi M, Thindwa D, Sambakunsi R, Kumwenda M, Chiumya K, Malema O, Makombe S, Webb E, Corbett EL. Initial Accuracy of HIV Rapid Test Kits Stored in Suboptimal Conditions and Validity of Delayed Reading of Oral Fluid Tests. PLOS One. June 23, 2016.

STAR team members Professor Elizabeth Corbett (London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine) and Cheryl C Johnson (World Health Organization) wrote a Lancet commentary on HIV self-testing to scale up couples and partner testing, with reference to Harsha Thirumurthy’s article: “Promoting male partner HIV testing and safer sexual decision making through secondary distribution of self-tests by HIV-negative female sex workers and women receiving antenatal and post-partum care in Kenya: a cohort study”.

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